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Flow Separation and Side-Load Behavior of the Vulcain Engine

Terhardt, M. and Hagemann, G. and Frey, M. (1999) Flow Separation and Side-Load Behavior of the Vulcain Engine. In: 35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit.

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Abstract

The Vulcain engine flow separation and side-load behavior observed and measured during thrust chamber tests is discudded in detail in this paper. It is shown by the test results and by comparison with numerical flow data that the parabolic Vulcain nozzle features a transition in separation behavior from free shock separation to restricted shock separation and vice versa during both engine start-up and shut-down. These highly transient phenomena are a major cause of side-loads. In addition, the side-load activities are measured during nozzle operation with pre free shock separation or pure restricted shock separation. By using results from numerical simulations, it is shown that a specific plume pattern, the cap-shock pattern, is responsible for the observed flow transition. Finally, a comparison of the flow behavior in the Vulcain nozzle during start-up and shut-down is compared with other published data for thrust-optimized or parabolic rocket nozzles with an internal shock emanating from the throat.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1999,
Title:Flow Separation and Side-Load Behavior of the Vulcain Engine
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Terhardt, M.DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, DASA
Hagemann, G.DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, DASA
Frey, M.UNSPECIFIED
Date:1999
Journal or Publication Title:35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
Editors:
EditorsEmail
American Institut of Aeronautics and Astroanutics, UNSPECIFIED
Series Name:AIAA 99-2762
Status:Published
Event Title:35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
Organizer:AIAA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):E -- no assignement
Location: Lampoldshausen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Propulsion
Deposited By: Monika Lohmiller
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:06 Jan 2010 13:45

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