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Flow Separation and Side-Loads in Rocket Nozzles

Frey, M. und Hagemann, G. (1999) Flow Separation and Side-Loads in Rocket Nozzles. In: 35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, Los Angeles, CA, June 20-24, 1999.

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Kurzfassung

Flow separation in nozzles of rocket engines is undesired because it can lead to dangerous lateral forces, which might damage the nozzle. The origin of side-loads is not fully clear, although different possible origins were identified in the past. Meanwhile, it seems to be clear that in thrust-optimized or parabolic nozzles, a major side-load is due to the transition of separation pattern from free shock separation to restricted shock separation and vice versa. After a literature review, the reasons for the transition between the separation patterns are discussed, and the cap shock pattern, which is identified to be the cause of this transition, is closely analyzed. It turns out that this pattern can be interpreted as an inverse Mach reflection of the internal shock at the centerline. The separation and side-load behavior of thrust-optimized and parabolic nozzles is described in detail. In order to be able to predict the pressure ratio pc/pa at which the transition of separation patterns occurs, a model is developed which uses TDK-data as an input. With the oblique shock relations and a momentum balance, both the ratio of chamber to ambient pressure and the value of the lateral force can be predicted with fair accuracy.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Paper)
Zusätzliche Informationen: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1999,
Titel:Flow Separation and Side-Loads in Rocket Nozzles
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Frey, M.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Hagemann, G.DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, DASA
Datum:1999
Erschienen in:35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Name der Reihe:AIAA 99-2815
Status:veröffentlicht
Veranstaltungstitel:35th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, Los Angeles, CA, June 20-24, 1999
Veranstalter :AIAA
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):E -- keine Zuordnung
Standort: Lampoldshausen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Raumfahrtantriebe
Hinterlegt von: Monika Lohmiller
Hinterlegt am:16 Sep 2005
Letzte Änderung:06 Jan 2010 13:45

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