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Shock Control by Adaptive Elements for Transportation Aircraft Wings

Rosemann, H. und Birkemeyer, J. und Knauer, A. (2000) Shock Control by Adaptive Elements for Transportation Aircraft Wings. Active Control Technology for Enhanced Performance Operational Capabilities of Military Aircraft, Land Vehicles and Sea Vehicles, Braunschweig, 8-11 May 2000.

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Kurzfassung

Different devices for the application of shock and boundary layer control on transportation aircraft wings have been investigated on 2-d airfoils and on a swept wing model. A cavity in the surface underneath the foot of the shock covered with a perforated plate reduces shock strength and hence wave drag, but viscous drag increases such that a net drag reduction can not be achieved in most cases. The application of additional boundary layer suction reduces the additional viscous drag, but not enough to result in a significant gain in total drag. On the contrary a contour bump underneath the shock, applied alone or in combination with suction, reduces very effectively wave drag without increasing viscous drag so that under off-design conditions up to 24% total drag reduction has been measured for a 2-d airfoil and somewhat lower values for the swept wing. This effect has been well predicted by numerical methods. Both devices, especially the perforation, have a positive influence on the buffet boundary. Trailing edge devices such as conventional and Gurney-type flaps also effect wave drag by redistributing the pressure on the wing or airfoil. Combining them with a contour bump has been investigated numerically. The results show that by careful optimization of the flap deflection together with the corresponding bump location and height a better performance can be achieved compared to the application of either device alone.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Paper)
Zusätzliche Informationen: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2001,
Titel:Shock Control by Adaptive Elements for Transportation Aircraft Wings
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Rosemann, H.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Birkemeyer, J.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Knauer, A.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2000
Status:veröffentlicht
Veranstaltungstitel:Active Control Technology for Enhanced Performance Operational Capabilities of Military Aircraft, Land Vehicles and Sea Vehicles, Braunschweig, 8-11 May 2000
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L ST - Starrflüglertechnologien
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Standort: Köln-Porz , Braunschweig , Göttingen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Aerodynamik und Strömungstechnik > Institut für Strömungsmechanik
Hinterlegt von: elib DLR-Beauftragter
Hinterlegt am:16 Sep 2005
Letzte Änderung:14 Jan 2010 21:00

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