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Numerical Simulation of Aeroacoustic Problems

Delfs, J. and Yin, J. (1999) Numerical Simulation of Aeroacoustic Problems. In: Proceedings ODAS 99. ONERA-DLR Aerospace Symposium, Paris (fr), 21.-24.06.1999.

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Abstract

The present paper investigates the numerical methods used to predict aerodynamically generated noise, more specifically airframe noise. Here, airframe noise is understood as noise, which is generated due to the interaction of turbulence-related vorticity disturbances with geometric inhomogeneities of an aerodynamic body. Such interaction may take place directly or indirectly through a previously occuring hydrodynamic instability of the flow field. First, the main mechanisms of airframe noise are discussed. Based on these physical considerations the potentially suitable computation approaches to airframe noise are identified and assessed w.r.t. limitations. Modern CAA (Computational Aeroacoustics) techniques are presented. Since (as opposed to using acoustic wave equations) the dynamics of all types of waves (pressure-, vorticity-, entropy-) can be simulated using Euler's equations, generally, approaches based on the Euler equations can be employed to compute not only the noise propagation but its very generation as well. The numerical solution of Euler's equations on a computational grid generally necessitates the use of some sort of artificial selective damping in order to render the solutions stable. The paper discusses the role, artificial selective damping may play for the sound generation. The effect of these terms are understood when using one of the aeroacoustic analogy equations or e.g. Möhring's acoustic wave equation. Examples are given, showing how artificial selective damping "contributes" to computational noise. Typical aeroacoustic problems relating to airframe noise are solved numerically employing the DRP-scheme of Tam.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1999,
Title:Numerical Simulation of Aeroacoustic Problems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Delfs, J.UNSPECIFIED
Yin, J.UNSPECIFIED
Date:1999
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings ODAS 99
Status:Published
Keywords:computational aeroacoustics, CAA, airframe noise, noise generation, edge noise mechanism, artificial selective damping, Euler equations, signal-to-numerical-noise ratio, DRP-scheme
Event Title:ONERA-DLR Aerospace Symposium, Paris (fr), 21.-24.06.1999
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment (old)
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L VU - Air Traffic and Environment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Quiet Air Traffic (old)
Location: Köln-Porz , Braunschweig , Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Institut für Entwurfsaerodynamik
Deposited By: Claudia Grant
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 20:08

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