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Numerical Shape Optimization for Aircraft Design

Kroll, N. and Gauger, N. and Wild, J. and Brezillon, J. and Ronzheimer, A. (2002) Numerical Shape Optimization for Aircraft Design. Workshop on Optimization in Partial Differential Equations and Applications, Heidelberg (de), 07.-09.10.2002.

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Abstract

Aerospace industry is increasingly relying on advanced numerical flow simulation tools in the early aircraft design phase. Today's flow solvers based on the solution of the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations are able to predict aerodynamic behaviour of aircraft components under different flow conditions quite well. Due to the high computational expense required for flow simulations around realistic 3D configurations, in industry computational fluid dynamics tools are rather used for analysis and assessment of given geometries than for shape design and optimization. However, within the next few years numerical shape optimization will play a strategic role for future aircraft design. It offers the possibility of designing or improving aircraft components with respect to a pre-specified figure of merit subject to geometrical and physical constraints. Consequently, recently large research effort is devoted to develop efficient optimization strategies for industrial aerodynamic aircraft design. There are many ingredients required to establish an efficient and flexible numerical optimization capability. These include suitable techniques for geometry parametrization, meshing and mesh movement methods, efficient and accurate flow solvers as well as a flexible tool-set of containing both deterministic and stochastic based optimizers. Over the last years, numerical shape optimization is one of the major issues of the Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology at DLR. The presentation will focus on both algorithmic developments as well as realistic applications. One key activity is the derivation and implementation of a continuous adjoint approach for the DLR flow simulation software MEGAFLOW based on the solution of the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations. Its potential for efficient aerodynamic shape design in compressible flow will be demonstrated. Furthermore, a flexible approach for post parametrization of CAD geometries is outlined. Activities carried out concerning the validation of the optimization process are also reported. Several applications including cruise and high-lift configurations will be shown. Finally, future developments necessary to establish numerical optimization as a standard design tool within the industrial design process are identified.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=2003,
Title:Numerical Shape Optimization for Aircraft Design
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kroll, N.UNSPECIFIED
Gauger, N.UNSPECIFIED
Wild, J.UNSPECIFIED
Brezillon, J.UNSPECIFIED
Ronzheimer, A.UNSPECIFIED
Date:2002
Status:Published
Event Title:Workshop on Optimization in Partial Differential Equations and Applications, Heidelberg (de), 07.-09.10.2002
Organizer:IWR, Universität Heidelberg
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L ST - Starrflüglertechnologien
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Concepts & Integration
Location: Köln-Porz , Braunschweig , Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology
Deposited By: Claudia Grant
Deposited On:31 Jan 2006
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 19:03

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