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Influence of the energy input on the vapor flux and on the temperature distribution of comet nuclei

Benkhoff, J. (1998) Influence of the energy input on the vapor flux and on the temperature distribution of comet nuclei. XXIII General Assembly of the European Geophysical Assembly, Nice, France, April 20-24, 1998.

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Abstract

Understanding the power balance at the surface of the nucleus is essential to study the chemical and physical evolution of a comet. Therefore, we present a detailed energy budget analysis for the surface of a model comet in the orbit of P/Wirtanen, target comet of the European spacecraft mission Rosetta, for a variety of parameters and assumptions. We will show that for a fast spinning Jupiter-family comet like P/Wirtanen with a rotation period of about 6 hours a fast rotator approximation unterestimates the effective energy input. This yields to lower gas fluxes from the surface. For an active, not dust covered surface we obtain a water gas flux on the order of about 2 + 10_28 molecules s_-1. This value is within the order if measured values for comet P/Wirtanen at perihelion. But the calculated values are maximum gas fluxes at noon - not averaged over one cometary day or takung lesser insolation of the pol areas into account. Therefore we conclude that maybe the determined radion of comet P/Wirtanen is much larger than the value of 700 m. A radius in the order of 2 or 3 km seems to be more likely to explain the measurements. One other possibility could be that water ice particles are blown off from the surface like dust particles. This may also increase the effective surface area of sublimation.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1999,
Title:Influence of the energy input on the vapor flux and on the temperature distribution of comet nuclei
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Benkhoff, J.UNSPECIFIED
Date:1998
Status:Published
Keywords:Comet modelling, power balance, comet nucleus, gas flux
Event Title:XXIII General Assembly of the European Geophysical Assembly, Nice, France, April 20-24, 1998
Organizer:European Geophysical Society
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: Susanne Pieth
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 15:48

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